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Indefinite article - a (some)
a cat - some cat
a tree, a door, a house, a garden, a zebra
an apple, an ear, an idea, an orange, an umbrella

Definite article - the (this one)
the cat - (this) cat
the orange - (this) orange
   Plural:
cat - cats
door - doors
house - houses
fish - fish
ox - oxen

Adjectives


Adjectives describe nouns

nice - nicer - the nicest
big - bigger - the biggest
important - more important - the most important
beautiful - more beautiful - the most beautiful
expensive - more expensive - the most expensive

Irregular adjectives:
bad/evil - worse - worst
far - further - furthest
good - better - best
many/much - more - most
near - nearer - nearest
old - elder - eldest

Adverbs


near - nearer - the nearest
quickly - more quickly - the most quickly

Pronouns


I - me - my - mine - myself
you - you - your - yours - yourself

he - him - his - his - himself
she - her - her - hers - herself
it - it - its - its - itself

we - us - our - ours - ourselves
you - you - your - yours - yourselves
they - them - their - theirs - themselves

Quantity:
a couple - 2 or 4
a little, a few - 3 or 8
a lot, much, many - 100 or 1000
some, any - more than 0
no, none - 0
one - 1
all - all together
every, each - every single one
both - each one of two
plenty of
enough
other, another - next one

Prepositions


above - located over something
below - under
after - following something
along - next to
among - between several other things
around - located next to on several sides
at - next to, close
before - preceding in time
between - located
beyond - located behind
by - next to
up
down
from - originating somewhere
in front of - located closer to the observer than something else
in - located inside an area or container
into
left - <-
right - ->
on - na
through - skrz
to - do
under - pod


Verbs


Basic verbs:
be, have, do, go, can, work, need help, walk, pull, push, hold, speak, read

Present tense
I read - Do I read? - I do not read
I am reading - Am I reading? - I am not reading

Past tense
I answered - Did I answer? - I did not answer
I was answering - Was I answering? - I was not answering

Future
I will go - Will I go? - I will not go

Present tense

I work
you work
he works
she works
it works

we work
you work
they work
Past tense

I worked
you worked
he worked
she worked
it worked

we worked
you worked
they worked
Future

I will work
you will work
he will work
she will work
it will work

we will work
you will work
they will work

I am
you are
he is
she is
it is

we are
you are
they are
I was
you were
he was
she was
it was

we were
you were
they were
I will be
you will be
he will be
she will be
it will be

we will be
you will be
they will be

Irregular verbs

Modal verbs
I can / I cannot, I can't
I could / I could not, I couldn't
I may / I may not
I am allowed to / I am not allowed to
I must / I must not, I mustn't
I have to
I had to
I might
I should / I should not, I shouldn't
I would / I would not, I wouldn't
I will / I won't

Nouns


Singular and plural:
cat - cats
table - tables
photo - photos

hero - heroes
bus - buses

Uncountable (materials a abstract things):
water, food, music, success
Irregular:
child - children
foot - feet
man - men
mouse - mice
tooth - teeth


Conjunctions


and, as well as, although, still, however, or, either .. or, so, thus


Numbers

0 - zero
1 - one
2 - two
3 - three
4 - four
5 - five
6 - six
7 - seven
8 - eight
9 - nine
10 - ten
11 - eleven
12 - twelve
13 - thirteen
14 - fourteen
20 - twenty
21 - twenty-one
22 - twenty-two
30 - thirty
40 - forty
50 - fifty
60 - sixty
70 - seventy
80 - eighty
90 - ninety
100 - one hundred
1000 - million

About English grammar


This page contains easy to use overview of the English grammar. The grammar is divided into several sections like for example Nouns, Adjectives, Adverbs, Verbs, Conjunctions, Prepositions and Pronouns. This easy to understand overview of the English grammar was created for you so you can easily understand and quickly learn the basics of English grammar.


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